Breast Cancer Diagnosis -
Breast Cancer Diagnosis -
breast cancer diagnosis
Breast Cancer Diagnosis -

Breast Cancer Diagnosis

An abnormal area, like a lump, or other changes in the breast, found out by a breast self exam, can be caused by cancer or by other, less serious problems. To find out the cause of any of these signs or symptoms, a woman's doctor does one or more of the physical exams described below.

  • Palpation. By carefully feeling the lump and the tissue around it, the doctor can tell a lot about a lump, like its size, texture and whether it moves easily.

  • Mammography. The breast is exposed to a small dose of radiation to produce an image of internal breast tissue. X-rays of the breast can give important information about a breast lump and help diagnosing.

  • Ultrasonography. Using high-frequency sound waves, ultrasonography can reveal information about the shape, texture, and composition of tumors and cysts that cannot be seen on conventional x-ray studies.

Mammographybreast cancer diagnosis by mammography  
  breast cancer diagnosis by ultrasonographyUltrasonography

Based on these exams, the doctor may decide, if no further tests are needed or if a removing of fluid or tissue from the breast is necessary (biopsy), to make a diagnosis.
  • Needle biopsy. The doctor uses a needle to remove fluid or a small amount of tissue from a breast lump. This procedure may show whether a lump is a fluid-filled cyst (not cancer) or a solid mass (which may be cancer).

  • Surgical biopsy. The surgeon removes the area of concern often along with a part of the surrounding, normal breast tissue. A pathologist examines the tissue under a microscope to check for cancer cells.
When cancer is present, the pathologist can tell what type of breast cancer it is, in what stage it is and whether it is invasive or not. Special laboratory tests of the tissue, for example hormone receptor tests, can help predict whether the cancer is sensitive to hormones. Either way, these tests help to choose what treatment should be addressed for the specific case. Click here to read about Breast cancer treatments.
See also...
  • Breast Cancer Development
    Get informed about how breast cancer development occurs in order to avoid this horrible disease. Remember that prevention is the best way to control breast cancer development.

  • Breast Cancer Signs & Symptoms
    Learn with everything about the signs and symptoms of breast cancer.

  • Learn more...
  • Breast Cancer Awareness & Prevention
    In you will learn the best ways to be aware and to prevent breast cancer. Awareness and prevention is be the best way to avoid breast cancer.

  • Breast Cancer Treatment offers important information about the different breast cancer treatment options there are. However, keep in mind that the best breast cancer treatment option is prevention.

  • breast cancer biopsy

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